This article focuses on how to end an ethnic civil wars and reviews alternative solutions. The author defends partition as the most favorable and practical solution to ethnic civil wars after briefly considering other alternatives.   Kaufmann argues that...

Chapter 1: Civil War and Security Dilemma   A security dilemma is a situation in which each party’s efforts to increase its own security reduces the security of the others. This situation occurs when geographical, technological, or other strategic condit...

This article attempts to apply a basic realist concept, security dilemma, to account for civil conflicts following the collapse of the USSR. Publication year of the article (1993) shows that Posen was trying to come up with a theory by which future ethnic conf...

What unites critical theorists is a concern with how world politics is "socially constructed,"  which involves two basic claims: that the fundamental structures of international politics are social rather than strictly material (a claim that opposes materialis...

The article clarifies constructivism’s claims, outline the differences between conventional and critical constructivism, and suggest a research agenda that both provides alternative understandings of mainstream international relations puzzles and offers a few ...