Roland Paris is the author of At War’s End, a book published in 2004 criticizing liberal peacebuilding. In this article, he argues that liberal peacebuilding has some shortcomings but there does not exist a viable alternative. He believes that criticisms about...

In some civil wars we observe deployment of UN peacekeeping forces, while they are not deployed to some other civil wars. This article argues that trade ties between the civil war state and the permanent UN members are an important factor in predicting deploym...

Once tension between parties turn into an armed conflict, the international community expects formation of a peacekeeping force so that peace can be realized. This article empirically tests this assumption. Authors look at interstate and intrastate wars and wh...

The paper develops a rational choice argument to explain under what conditions civil wars end. They draw some hypotheses to test their argument and run a quantitative analysis.    Their model is quite straight forward. A civil war is fought between a gov...

Strange argues that states themselves have not rendered obsolete. Collectively they are still the most influential and therefore the critical authority sources of authority in the world system. But they are increasingly becoming hollow or defective institution...

The chapter examines some of the inconsistencies in the neoutilitarian vision of the state, some of the insights of the classical comparative institutioanlist literature for clues that might help in building an analysis of effective state structures. ---Compar...

Chapter 1: Civil War and Security Dilemma   A security dilemma is a situation in which each party’s efforts to increase its own security reduces the security of the others. This situation occurs when geographical, technological, or other strategic condit...

This article is about existence of two different public realms in African societies contrary to western societies. The author discusses the colonial and African bourgeois ideologies that justify colonization and creates two public realms:  primordial public re...

Bellamy explores international engagement with and intervention debates on Darfur in order to understand if the 2003 war in Iraq has caused any changes to the norm of humanitarian intervention. He basically argues that Darfur crisis can show us two subtle chan...

The article is a comprehensive and critical survey of the international response to the conflict in Darfur. The author argues that the responsibility to protect principle was not achieved in Darfur.    The author suggests that international response, par...