The article argues that ethnic fractionalization does not play a decisive role in civil war onset. The author argues that including ethnic fractionalization as an independent variable in a research design is not appropriate because its effect is not direct, bu...

The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

Citizenship and ethnicity are usually studied as related topics. In this article, Ndegwa examines how debates over citizenship as a national affiliation and ethnicity as a communal affiliation cause delayed democratization in postcolonial African states. He be...

Getting Somalia Wrong? is telling the story of Somalia not only the bad, as many people expect from the Black Continent, but also the good. The good ways which carved with incentives and hopes of people who experiencing a civil war under a malfunctioning state...

The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

While examining an issue, social scientists tend to take ethnic groups as granted. This is what scholars call the primordialist approach. Ethnic groups are believed to exist for ages, and such a view is ahistorical and ignores critical processes as well as eve...