The article aims to develop a theory to explain when insurgents and governments start negotiations and what factors influence the decision to start negotiations. The author is not interested in whether the peace process end successfully with an enduring peace ...

Schmidt examines the effect of the current trends of the global economy on the nation state and societal groups within it. He argues that the policies promoted by regional and interantional organizations (EU, NAFTA, World Bank, IMF, WTO) as well as the interna...

Point: The role of alliances in both power equality and power transition models has not been fully explored. The internal capabilities of a nation must be combined with the expected support from allies in order to get a clearer picture of the full capabilities...

Article is about the proposition that power parity and commitment to change the status quo by a challenge are key variables.   Their theory applies both to major and minor powers.   An evaluation of the status quo determined whether a state would b...

The War Ledger

A.F.K. Organski, Jacek Kugler 12.05.2017 05:13 International Relations Interstate conflict

Chapter 1 The core of one argument is that “if one nation gains significantly in power, its improved position relative to that of other nations frightens them and induces them to try to reverse this gain by war. Or, vice versa, a nation gaining on an advers...

Chapter: 11-12   The balance of power and policies aiming at its preservation are not only inevitable bur are an essential stabilizing factor in a society of sovereign nations; and the instability of the international balance of power is due not to the f...

Point: Alliance formation is not associated with high levels of war.   There appears to be a fundamental difference in the character of alliances.   Alliances before Congress of Vienna (1815) were offensive while after that alliances are defensive ...

Chapter 5: Peace in Rwanda? Arusha Accords   This chapter talks about the Arusha accords, how the process was viewed by the international actors and how local actors regarded the accords.   Peace talks took thirteen months and took place in Arusha,...