After conflicts end, scholars tend to identify the post-conflict society with peace or ongoing war depending on the success of the post-conflict endeavors. The authors challenge this presumption and introduce a new conceptualization of peace by which they view...

The chapter examines some of the inconsistencies in the neoutilitarian vision of the state, some of the insights of the classical comparative institutioanlist literature for clues that might help in building an analysis of effective state structures. ---Compar...

The new economy is characterized by five fundamental interralated features:   1. The sources of productivity and real economic growth are increasingly dependent upon the application of science and technology, as well as upon the quality of information an...

This article is about existence of two different public realms in African societies contrary to western societies. The author discusses the colonial and African bourgeois ideologies that justify colonization and creates two public realms:  primordial public re...

The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

On Compliance

Abram Chayes, Antonia Handler Chayes 12.05.2017 05:05 International Relations International Organizations

They believe that when nations enter into an international agreement, they alter their behavior, their relationships, and their expectations of one another over time in accordance with its terms. That is, they will, to some extent, comply with the undertakings...

Chapter 5: Peace in Rwanda? Arusha Accords   This chapter talks about the Arusha accords, how the process was viewed by the international actors and how local actors regarded the accords.   Peace talks took thirteen months and took place in Arusha,...

This essay studies the use of humanitarian aid, especially food aid, as a political tool and how it is manipulated by external actors. The essay shows how food aid is used as a substitute to political attitude towards countries struggling with famine. The auth...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

The author defines Sudan as multiple complexities. In this chapter, He examines these complexities that characterize Sudan’s environment and people.  In doing so, the chapter focuses on Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP). The author argues that the refugee cam...