Focus of the study: The study approaches testing the “output hypothesis” from a different ange by  investigating the impact of pushed output on second language development of pragmatics, a rarely-investigated domain of language in this line of researh. The mai...

Strange argues that states themselves have not rendered obsolete. Collectively they are still the most influential and therefore the critical authority sources of authority in the world system. But they are increasingly becoming hollow or defective institution...

The chapter examines some of the inconsistencies in the neoutilitarian vision of the state, some of the insights of the classical comparative institutioanlist literature for clues that might help in building an analysis of effective state structures. ---Compar...

This is a chapter by these two authors in Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth A. Simmons. (pp. 480-499)   They begin the chapter by defining what a region is and what this term means. Defining regions: ...

The article is a comprehensive and critical survey of the international response to the conflict in Darfur. The author argues that the responsibility to protect principle was not achieved in Darfur.    The author suggests that international response, par...

Authors argue that many aspects of IO and INGO behavior can be explained by materialist analysis and an examination of the incentives and constraints produced by the transnational sector’s institutional environment. The main argument is that when placed in com...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

This study provides a multivariate analysis of a conventional wisdom about relationship between foreign aid and promotion of democracy. Although using data from different sources and employing different statistical methods Knack does not find strong empirical ...

Getting Somalia Wrong? is telling the story of Somalia not only the bad, as many people expect from the Black Continent, but also the good. The good ways which carved with incentives and hopes of people who experiencing a civil war under a malfunctioning state...

Khalidi’s central argument is that the Bush administration’s interventionist posture toward the Middle East is no mere post-9/11 aberration, but represents an especially bellicose expression of a longstanding campaign. Today’s enemy is terrorism; yesterday’s w...