Focus of the study: The motivation for this study lies in Swain’s output hypothesis, which claims that input alone is not sufficient for second language acquisition; hence, it should be supported with output as output pushes learners to go beyond semantic proc...

Focus of the study : The study explores the effects of pushed output on accuracy and fluency in the domain of speaking. This study is especially important for its contribution to the research investigating the output hypothesis as it focuses oral production ra...

Focus of the study: The goal of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of collaborative and individual output tasks and how these tasks effect learning of English phrasal verbs. More specifically this study aimed to find out whether reconstruction cloze ta...

Focus of the study: This study investigates the noticing component of Swain’s Output Hypothesis, which claim that while learners try to produce in their L2, they may notice gaps in their current linguistic knowledge, which then triggers their seeking input. Th...