After conflicts end, scholars tend to identify the post-conflict society with peace or ongoing war depending on the success of the post-conflict endeavors. The authors challenge this presumption and introduce a new conceptualization of peace by which they view...

This article focuses on how to end an ethnic civil wars and reviews alternative solutions. The author defends partition as the most favorable and practical solution to ethnic civil wars after briefly considering other alternatives.   Kaufmann argues that...

PART 1: 1948 AND AFTER   Chapter 1:Balfour declaration and its consequences   In this chapter Shlaim's main argument is that the Balfour declaration of 1926 is the starting point of the arab-israel conflict. he argues that the declaration was not v...

Citizenship and ethnicity are usually studied as related topics. In this article, Ndegwa examines how debates over citizenship as a national affiliation and ethnicity as a communal affiliation cause delayed democratization in postcolonial African states. He be...

Khalidi’s central argument is that the Bush administration’s interventionist posture toward the Middle East is no mere post-9/11 aberration, but represents an especially bellicose expression of a longstanding campaign. Today’s enemy is terrorism; yesterday’s w...

In his book, Avraham Ben-Zvi, a professor of political science at the University of Haifa who has been studying U.S. foreign policy for almost four decades, presents the development of the relationship between Israel and the United States and its patterns duri...