Focus of the study: Unlike previous studies, this study questions a more claim of the Output hypothesis: the potential occurrence of pushed output when learners interact with each other in an English as Foreign Language context rather than a second language or...

Focus of the study : The study explores the effects of pushed output on accuracy and fluency in the domain of speaking. This study is especially important for its contribution to the research investigating the output hypothesis as it focuses oral production ra...

Focus of the study: The study approaches testing the “output hypothesis” from a different ange by  investigating the impact of pushed output on second language development of pragmatics, a rarely-investigated domain of language in this line of researh. The mai...

Roland Paris is the author of At War’s End, a book published in 2004 criticizing liberal peacebuilding. In this article, he argues that liberal peacebuilding has some shortcomings but there does not exist a viable alternative. He believes that criticisms about...

This article focuses on how to end an ethnic civil wars and reviews alternative solutions. The author defends partition as the most favorable and practical solution to ethnic civil wars after briefly considering other alternatives.   Kaufmann argues that...

Schmidt examines the effect of the current trends of the global economy on the nation state and societal groups within it. He argues that the policies promoted by regional and interantional organizations (EU, NAFTA, World Bank, IMF, WTO) as well as the interna...

Mitchell argues that the boundaries between the state and the society have always been porous, elusive and mobile, which is an indicator of the nature of the state. Neither rejecting the idea of state in favor of some concepts like the political system, nor br...

This is a chapter by these two authors in Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth A. Simmons. (pp. 480-499)   They begin the chapter by defining what a region is and what this term means. Defining regions: ...

Chapter: 11-12   The balance of power and policies aiming at its preservation are not only inevitable bur are an essential stabilizing factor in a society of sovereign nations; and the instability of the international balance of power is due not to the f...

The New Wave of Regionalism

Edward D. Mansfield , Helen V. Milner 10.05.2017 22:12 International Relations International Organizations

The propensity of countries to enter PTAs, the pace of regionalism, and its welfare implications depend on political conditions. The preferences of government officials and the nature of domestic institutions influence the establishment and economic effec...