The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

Transitions in and of themselves are not dangerous. The Relative growth rates of rising and declining powers and the transitions themselves (when they are precisely equal) do not affect the probability of war. What matters is the risk acceptance of rising powe...

Point: The role of alliances in both power equality and power transition models has not been fully explored. The internal capabilities of a nation must be combined with the expected support from allies in order to get a clearer picture of the full capabilities...

The War Ledger

A.F.K. Organski, Jacek Kugler 12.05.2017 05:13 International Relations Interstate conflict

Chapter 1 The core of one argument is that “if one nation gains significantly in power, its improved position relative to that of other nations frightens them and induces them to try to reverse this gain by war. Or, vice versa, a nation gaining on an advers...

Chapter: 11-12   The balance of power and policies aiming at its preservation are not only inevitable bur are an essential stabilizing factor in a society of sovereign nations; and the instability of the international balance of power is due not to the f...

Article defines the attributes of national alliance membership which tend to be associated with war participation.   Their results show that nations will be more apt to join their allies in a war when;   1)      Many of their allies are in the war,...

Point: Alliance formation is not associated with high levels of war.   There appears to be a fundamental difference in the character of alliances.   Alliances before Congress of Vienna (1815) were offensive while after that alliances are defensive ...

Point: Alliances do influence the probability of MIDs but the direction of that influence depends on the content of the treaty.   The article argues that we should disaggregate the alliances depending on their content rather than considering all of them ...

Alliance Norms and War

Charles Kegley, Gregory A. Raymond 10.05.2017 22:15 International Relations Interstate conflict

Point: How alliances are viewed legally within the international community can provide insight on why nations break alliances or honor them and how bound they feel by their treaties and how this relates to war. The conclusions of this study are that warfare is...

In this article, Keohane emphasizes that international institutions are an important variable in world politics, worth studying. Since they facilitate cooperation that is not always benign and without institutions there will be little cooperation. While sticki...