This article is about existence of two different public realms in African societies contrary to western societies. The author discusses the colonial and African bourgeois ideologies that justify colonization and creates two public realms:  primordial public re...

The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

Bellamy explores international engagement with and intervention debates on Darfur in order to understand if the 2003 war in Iraq has caused any changes to the norm of humanitarian intervention. He basically argues that Darfur crisis can show us two subtle chan...

The article is a comprehensive and critical survey of the international response to the conflict in Darfur. The author argues that the responsibility to protect principle was not achieved in Darfur.    The author suggests that international response, par...

Transitions in and of themselves are not dangerous. The Relative growth rates of rising and declining powers and the transitions themselves (when they are precisely equal) do not affect the probability of war. What matters is the risk acceptance of rising powe...