Point:  Action-reaction in crisis is radically different in rivalries than in regular conflict.  Rivalry not only makes escalation and crises more likely, but also significantly interacts with more traditional predictors of conflict such as capability ratios, ...

Point:  There are some rivalries that do not enter war with each other. The article explains that if rivalries do not escalate to war then there are no territorial disputes between them. Rivals not in territorial disputes engage in war only by participating in...

Chapter 5: Peace in Rwanda? Arusha Accords   This chapter talks about the Arusha accords, how the process was viewed by the international actors and how local actors regarded the accords.   Peace talks took thirteen months and took place in Arusha,...

This essay studies the use of humanitarian aid, especially food aid, as a political tool and how it is manipulated by external actors. The essay shows how food aid is used as a substitute to political attitude towards countries struggling with famine. The auth...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...