Focus of the study: Unlike previous studies, this study questions a more claim of the Output hypothesis: the potential occurrence of pushed output when learners interact with each other in an English as Foreign Language context rather than a second language or...

Focus of the study: This study too tests the Output Hypothesis; however, it also looks at the interaction of pushed output with task type by comparing two kinds of tasks which are commonly used in the instructed SLA research. By using reconstruction and pictur...

Focus of the study: The goal of this paper is to empirically test the impact of noticing function of the output hypothesis on language learning by comparing differential effects of exposure to textually-enhanced input and pushed-output. In this regard, this pa...

Focus of the study: The goal of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of collaborative and individual output tasks and how these tasks effect learning of English phrasal verbs. More specifically this study aimed to find out whether reconstruction cloze ta...

Focus of the study: The motivation for this study lies in Swain’s output hypothesis, which claims that input alone is not sufficient for second language acquisition; hence, it should be supported with output as output pushes learners to go beyond semantic proc...