Point: The role of alliances in both power equality and power transition models has not been fully explored. The internal capabilities of a nation must be combined with the expected support from allies in order to get a clearer picture of the full capabilities...

The author wants to test Organsky’s power transition theory by considering levels of relative power. Specifically, he argues if a state is ten times more powerful than the other state in the dyad, war will be impossible.   Argument: Weede begins by elimi...

Article shows the methodological and theoretical shortcomings of the previous research on power transition theory. Then, he removes the distortion and finds that approximate parity in power capabilities encouraged war between great powers disputants during the...

Article is about the proposition that power parity and commitment to change the status quo by a challenge are key variables.   Their theory applies both to major and minor powers.   An evaluation of the status quo determined whether a state would b...

Whether the extensiveness of a war is defined in terms of duration, intensity or magnitude, major powers are likely to initiate more extensive wars at the critical inflection and turning points on the curve of relative capability where the linear role percepti...

The War Ledger

A.F.K. Organski, Jacek Kugler 12.05.2017 05:13 International Relations Interstate conflict

Chapter 1 The core of one argument is that “if one nation gains significantly in power, its improved position relative to that of other nations frightens them and induces them to try to reverse this gain by war. Or, vice versa, a nation gaining on an advers...

Article defines the attributes of national alliance membership which tend to be associated with war participation.   Their results show that nations will be more apt to join their allies in a war when;   1)      Many of their allies are in the war,...

Point: Alliance formation is not associated with high levels of war.   There appears to be a fundamental difference in the character of alliances.   Alliances before Congress of Vienna (1815) were offensive while after that alliances are defensive ...

Alliance Norms and War

Charles Kegley, Gregory A. Raymond 10.05.2017 22:15 International Relations Interstate conflict

Point: How alliances are viewed legally within the international community can provide insight on why nations break alliances or honor them and how bound they feel by their treaties and how this relates to war. The conclusions of this study are that warfare is...

The concept of enduring rivalries addresses the problem of repeated conflict, in particular how the outcomes of crises and wars influence the likelihood of future conflict between the same set of states. This concept relates to the most prominent approaches to...