This article is about existence of two different public realms in African societies contrary to western societies. The author discusses the colonial and African bourgeois ideologies that justify colonization and creates two public realms:  primordial public re...

Citizenship and ethnicity are usually studied as related topics. In this article, Ndegwa examines how debates over citizenship as a national affiliation and ethnicity as a communal affiliation cause delayed democratization in postcolonial African states. He be...

Getting Somalia Wrong? is telling the story of Somalia not only the bad, as many people expect from the Black Continent, but also the good. The good ways which carved with incentives and hopes of people who experiencing a civil war under a malfunctioning state...