The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

Bellamy explores international engagement with and intervention debates on Darfur in order to understand if the 2003 war in Iraq has caused any changes to the norm of humanitarian intervention. He basically argues that Darfur crisis can show us two subtle chan...

The article is a comprehensive and critical survey of the international response to the conflict in Darfur. The author argues that the responsibility to protect principle was not achieved in Darfur.    The author suggests that international response, par...

Chapter 5: Peace in Rwanda? Arusha Accords   This chapter talks about the Arusha accords, how the process was viewed by the international actors and how local actors regarded the accords.   Peace talks took thirteen months and took place in Arusha,...

This essay studies the use of humanitarian aid, especially food aid, as a political tool and how it is manipulated by external actors. The essay shows how food aid is used as a substitute to political attitude towards countries struggling with famine. The auth...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

The author defines Sudan as multiple complexities. In this chapter, He examines these complexities that characterize Sudan’s environment and people.  In doing so, the chapter focuses on Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP). The author argues that the refugee cam...

Contrary to the conventional wisdom, the author argues that in addition to tangible resources (such as oil, diamond, timber, gold), non-tangible assets such as geopolitical location can cause resource curse. The author emphasizes that not the resource itself b...

Getting Somalia Wrong? is telling the story of Somalia not only the bad, as many people expect from the Black Continent, but also the good. The good ways which carved with incentives and hopes of people who experiencing a civil war under a malfunctioning state...

Bellamy explores international engagement with and intervention debates on Darfur in order to understand if the 2003 war in Iraq has caused any changes to the norm of humanitarian intervention. He basically argues that Darfur crisis can show us two subtle chan...