This article examines the impact of guarantees given by a third party on success of negotiations. Rather than looking at the classical variables of the literature, she focuses on conditions under which belligerents commit to the peace agreement. She argues tha...

The article aims to develop a theory to explain when insurgents and governments start negotiations and what factors influence the decision to start negotiations. The author is not interested in whether the peace process end successfully with an enduring peace ...

This is a quantitative study examining the role of greed and grievance in mobilizing masses. The authors rather than taking civil war as a single phase of political violence, they measure the role of the variables at different stages of political violence. The...

Chapter 1: Civil War and Security Dilemma   A security dilemma is a situation in which each party’s efforts to increase its own security reduces the security of the others. This situation occurs when geographical, technological, or other strategic condit...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

This article attempts to apply a basic realist concept, security dilemma, to account for civil conflicts following the collapse of the USSR. Publication year of the article (1993) shows that Posen was trying to come up with a theory by which future ethnic conf...