Chapter 5: Peace in Rwanda? Arusha Accords   This chapter talks about the Arusha accords, how the process was viewed by the international actors and how local actors regarded the accords.   Peace talks took thirteen months and took place in Arusha,...

This essay studies the use of humanitarian aid, especially food aid, as a political tool and how it is manipulated by external actors. The essay shows how food aid is used as a substitute to political attitude towards countries struggling with famine. The auth...

This is the prologue of the book written by Ali Mazrui. As the title connotes, the author presents an overview of conflicts in Africa. In doing so, he divides this chapter into two sections: roots of conflicts and conflict resolution.   In the first sect...

The author defines Sudan as multiple complexities. In this chapter, He examines these complexities that characterize Sudan’s environment and people.  In doing so, the chapter focuses on Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP). The author argues that the refugee cam...

This study provides a multivariate analysis of a conventional wisdom about relationship between foreign aid and promotion of democracy. Although using data from different sources and employing different statistical methods Knack does not find strong empirical ...

Realists do share certain assumptions and are often treated as a group, but such a broad grouping obscures systematic divisions within realist theory. In this article the author argues that realism can be split into two competing branches by revealing latent d...

This article attempts to apply a basic realist concept, security dilemma, to account for civil conflicts following the collapse of the USSR. Publication year of the article (1993) shows that Posen was trying to come up with a theory by which future ethnic conf...

In this article, Keohane emphasizes that international institutions are an important variable in world politics, worth studying. Since they facilitate cooperation that is not always benign and without institutions there will be little cooperation. While sticki...

What unites critical theorists is a concern with how world politics is "socially constructed,"  which involves two basic claims: that the fundamental structures of international politics are social rather than strictly material (a claim that opposes materialis...

Contrary to the conventional wisdom, the author argues that in addition to tangible resources (such as oil, diamond, timber, gold), non-tangible assets such as geopolitical location can cause resource curse. The author emphasizes that not the resource itself b...