Point: Alliance formation is not associated with high levels of war.   There appears to be a fundamental difference in the character of alliances.   Alliances before Congress of Vienna (1815) were offensive while after that alliances are defensive ...

Point: Alliances do influence the probability of MIDs but the direction of that influence depends on the content of the treaty.   The article argues that we should disaggregate the alliances depending on their content rather than considering all of them ...

Alliance Norms and War

Charles Kegley, Gregory A. Raymond 10.05.2017 22:15 International Relations Interstate conflict

Point: How alliances are viewed legally within the international community can provide insight on why nations break alliances or honor them and how bound they feel by their treaties and how this relates to war. The conclusions of this study are that warfare is...

The New Wave of Regionalism

Edward D. Mansfield , Helen V. Milner 10.05.2017 22:12 International Relations International Organizations

The propensity of countries to enter PTAs, the pace of regionalism, and its welfare implications depend on political conditions. The preferences of government officials and the nature of domestic institutions influence the establishment and economic effec...

The concept of enduring rivalries addresses the problem of repeated conflict, in particular how the outcomes of crises and wars influence the likelihood of future conflict between the same set of states. This concept relates to the most prominent approaches to...

An enduring rivalry is a competition between states that involve six or more militarized disputes between the same two states around 1960 might be associated with the onset of new rivalries.   Political shocks were found to be a modest necessary conditio...

Rather than assume all actors are equally likely to engage in conflictual relations, a focus on rivalries permits analysts to focus in turn on the relatively small handful of actors who are the ones most likely to generate conflict vastly disproportionate to t...

Article offers an evolutionary model of how the relationship between two adversaries moves toward or away from rivalry over time, emphasizing the changing context of their relations and the influence of both past events and prospect of future interaction.  ...

Point:  Action-reaction in crisis is radically different in rivalries than in regular conflict.  Rivalry not only makes escalation and crises more likely, but also significantly interacts with more traditional predictors of conflict such as capability ratios, ...

Point:  There are some rivalries that do not enter war with each other. The article explains that if rivalries do not escalate to war then there are no territorial disputes between them. Rivals not in territorial disputes engage in war only by participating in...