The article argues that ethnic fractionalization does not play a decisive role in civil war onset. The author argues that including ethnic fractionalization as an independent variable in a research design is not appropriate because its effect is not direct, bu...

Rebuilding the failed state after a civil war has been a major research topic in academia.   Neo-liberal approach has been a popular approach to state building since the end of the Cold War. This article challenges the conventional neo-liberal approach and pro...

This is a chapter by these two authors in Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth A. Simmons. (pp. 480-499)   They begin the chapter by defining what a region is and what this term means. Defining regions: ...

Chapter 1: Civil War and Security Dilemma   A security dilemma is a situation in which each party’s efforts to increase its own security reduces the security of the others. This situation occurs when geographical, technological, or other strategic condit...

The article examines development of Arab ident identity in Sudan and impact of Arabization policy from a historical perspective. The author inquires the development of Arab identity in three periods: colonial era, Anglo-Egyptian condominium, and post-colonial ...

Bellamy explores international engagement with and intervention debates on Darfur in order to understand if the 2003 war in Iraq has caused any changes to the norm of humanitarian intervention. He basically argues that Darfur crisis can show us two subtle chan...

The article is a comprehensive and critical survey of the international response to the conflict in Darfur. The author argues that the responsibility to protect principle was not achieved in Darfur.    The author suggests that international response, par...

Transitions in and of themselves are not dangerous. The Relative growth rates of rising and declining powers and the transitions themselves (when they are precisely equal) do not affect the probability of war. What matters is the risk acceptance of rising powe...

Point: The role of alliances in both power equality and power transition models has not been fully explored. The internal capabilities of a nation must be combined with the expected support from allies in order to get a clearer picture of the full capabilities...

The author wants to test Organsky’s power transition theory by considering levels of relative power. Specifically, he argues if a state is ten times more powerful than the other state in the dyad, war will be impossible.   Argument: Weede begins by elimi...